3rd Edition

Automotive Meetings

International Business Convention for the Automotive Industry

 

Automotive Industry in MexicoA Key Sector

PRODUCTION

Mexico's automotive industry is mature, dynamic and in continuous growth. In 2014, Mexico’s Automotive industry showed clear signs of recovery; light vehicle production reached a new historical record with 3 million vehicles1.

At a global level, Mexico ranked as seventh producer of light vehicles1. In two years, Mexico climbed two positions, surpassing French and Spanish production.

Currently, the automotive sector accounts for 6% of the national GDP and 18% of manufacturing production. The Mexican automotive industry is expected to continue increasing in the future. The forecasts indicate production will reach 4 million units by 2018 and 5 million by 2020 1.

Companies in the light vehicle industry have a total of 18 production complexes located in 11 states of Mexico, where they perform activities that range from assembly and armoring, to casting and stamping of vehicles and engines. Currently, more than 48 car and light truck models are produced in Mexico.

In terms of heavy vehicles, the OEMs have reached an important level of development in the country, performing activities ranging from assembly, stamping and bodywork, producing a wide range of models to satisfy the demand of the domestic and export markets. Currently, 11 commercial vehicle manufacturers and two engine manufacturers for this kind of vehicle have production facilities in Mexico.


In 2011, Mexico reached production of 136,678 heavy vehicles, ranking as sixth producer globally behind China, Japan, India, The United States and Brazil. The heavy vehicle production in Mexico is expected to reach 196.8 thousand vehicles by 2016.

 Light vehicleHeavy Vehicle

INTERNATIONAL TRADE

Mexico is the world’s eighth car, truck, part and component producer. It’s main export market is still the United States, even when in recent years, several markets, such as many Latin American countries, have increased their share in Mexican exports.

In 2014, nine of every one hundred  vehicles were exported to Latin America. The main destinations for Mexican exports were Brazil, Argentina, Colombia and Chile.
Europe is another important destination for Mexican exports: 4 of every hundred light vehicles exported in 2014 were sent to the European Union1.

Concerning heavy vehicles, in 2010 Mexico was the leading supplier of commercial vehicles to the United States. Mexico had an 85% share of imports value to the United States in the commercial vehicle segment, exceeding Canada in that year.

FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT

BIn 2012, the Automotive and auto-part sectors in Mexico accounted for 20.8% of total foreign direct investment (FDI) 3. This reiterates the country’s appeal as one of the sector’s investment destination.
Investments announced between 1999 and 2013 by automaking companies established in Mexico reached more than 30 billion dollars, with the leading investors being General Motors, Chrysler, Daimler, Ford, Volkswagen, , Nissan and Mazda3.

OEMs IN MEXICO

The automotive and autoparts sector in Mexico has been driven by the productive presence of the top ten (light and heavy) vehicle assembly companies in the world, such as General Motors, Ford, Chrysler, Volkswagen, Nissan, Honda, BMW, Toyota, Volvo and Mercedes-Benz.

Most of the assembly companies in Mexico have autoparts companies located around their vehicle plants to comply with supply and delivery deadlines.

Location of Light Vehicle OEMs in Mexico3
 

Location of Heavy Vehicle OEMs in Mexico by regions3
 

Location of Heavy Vehicle OEMs in Mexico by regions3

The recognized quality of Mexico’s automotive manufacturing has enabled several OEMs to choose Mexico as a unique manufacturing platform for all their destinations. This sets the adequate industrial environment for luxury vehicles manufacturing, fostering Mexico as an exclusive platform for OEMs.

In recent years, the Mexican industry has shown a shift in trends, going from the maquilas of automobiles towards the development of capacities for the integral production of vehicles for specific niches, such as Vehizero and Mastretta.

1Asociación Mexicana de la Industria Automotríz (AMIA) (2014)

2US ambassy - Mexico City, Auto - Industry Factsheet (2014)

3statistics supplied by PROMEXICO, 2012

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